Among many others Port of Tallinn foresees itself as a part of the green economy, proposing to develop a Hydrogen Hub in Port of Paldiski. Location is superior, connecting railway and the main road and also next to existing natural gas pipeline Baltic Connector (3400 MW) and HVDC interconnection to Finland (Estlink). About 13 GW Off-Shore wind parks have been proposed by developers, and the port could be the perfect place to accommodate construction and service points for wind parks.
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Many countries and organisations are in the middle of defining their hydrogen policies, roadmaps and strategies. Expectations are high that this old but newly re-discovered renewable energy carrier will play an important role in reaching the climate targets and it seems to be inevitable that hydrogen will shape our future energy sector. The question is: who will be the first to mobilise their forces and what happens to those who will not come along?
One of the most important components of the hydrogen economy is a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell or PEMFC. This device can be used to efficiently transform the chemical energy hidden inside hydrogen into green electricity. PEMFCs are also being eagerly studied at the Institute of Chemistry of the University of Tartu. How does this device work? How is it made? Where is it already being used?
Hydrogen technologies, instead of catenary electrification need to be developed for our railway.
The Estonian Association of Hydrogen Technologies proposes to take up hydrogen technologies instead of catenary electrification. Hydrogen technologies would save €350 million for the state and compared to catenary electrification allows reaching Estonia’s climate goals by 3 times and renewable energy targets 6 times cheaper.
In the proposal sent to the ministries and parliament it is recommended to hold plans for electrification until a result is achieved on the deployment of hydrogen technologies on rail.
Reducing the carbon footprint in transportation and rail is one of the key challenges for Estonia in the coming years. The current plan is to achieve renewable energy goals by electrifying rail and it is expected to cost €428 million. The government made this principle decision in the summer of 2019 and Estonian Railways announced the procurement of design work in May this year.
It is now the last chance to make a strategic decision to adopt hydrogen technologies on rail, make Estonia lead the world in this field of technology, save €350 million for other projects and help us reach climate- and renewable energy goals times cheaper. The failure to make forward-looking decisions now would mean decades-long entanglement with yesterday’s wasteful technologies and an aggravation of the development gap. However, the savings effect of the introduction of next generation technologies would provide an additional opportunity to make additional investments in railways, such as achieving the speed of passenger traffic suitable for a modern European country.
By implementing these proposals, perhaps by 2030 it will be possible to travel from Tallinn to Tartu by a more efficient, cleaner hydrogen train instead of a diesel. With the money saved, opportunities could be created to improve the railway in the direction of Narva and Tartu, perhaps even allowing passenger trains at speeds beyond the current ambition of 135 km/h but also allowing for more efficient services, additional trains and smarter systems.”
The proposals also indicate that hydrogen production based on rail transport can be further developed to include hydrogen for road vehicles. With the introduction of hydrogen technology on the railway, it is possible to create preconditions for covering the whole of Estonia with universal hydrogen infrastructure.
Estonian Association of Hydrogen Technologies made a proposal to the
Municipality of Tallinn to participate in the EU funded FCH
project is fully funded by FCH JU and if approved, will provide the
of market barriers
advice on reaching both environmental and climate goals
assistance on any project deployments.
are not afraid of new insights!
FCH JU aid is estimated by us to be worth about 250 000 €. The
project lasts for up to 12 months, would be just the first stepping
stone and would help complete the upcoming Estonian Hydrogen Roadmap.
and understand what is required of us and offered in return
the left foot forward
the offered knowledge, assistance and know-how
entire project is planned to be as observable as possible.
Furthermore, additional “observers” will be included in all
projects to get the latest updates and outcomes of the fulfilling of
the set hydrogen economy visions.
The project NOTS, Nordic Open Creative Energy Summit Innovation Workshop is an inspirational hydrogen oriented learning day aimed at spreading over latest news and information on hydrogen and fuel cells applications. Also, creating new contacts and networks, but above all, an opportunity to allow people from different sectors and backgrounds to meet and challenge the established methods and approaches for innovation and development.
Estonian Ministry of Environment initiated the hydrogen working group on 25th October 2019. The goal is to analyze and set up The Hydrogen Roadmap for Estonia. Usage of hydrogen and fuel cell technology are the key elements guiding Estonia to the carbon-neutral economy to achieve climate targets.
On kick-off meeting the first goal was set up, which is to issue Hydrogen Roadmap for Estonia. Next hydrogen working group meeting is scheduled in early November, where we are planning to discuss more specifically policy and technical measures to be considered.